An HIV-infected pregnant woman can pass the virus on to her unborn baby either before or during birth. AIDS , It depends on the viral load of the person living with HIV and the dental health of the person performing oral sex. Oral sex is generally a low risk activity. With the kind of data Eric has, you can give a ballpark. I want to emphasize that this data is not looking at per contact risk.
Draw your line where you feel comfortable"? The more subtle things--how do you deal with that message about what the level of risk is--if you're going to get into that depends on whether people ask more questions about that. The point is that of those 5, acts, the majority of those are probably not actual exposure to semen from an HIV-positive partner? You can use a dental dam to cover the anus or female genitals during oral sex. And behaviors that increase risk of blood contact are always a risk factor no matter what kind of sexual practices people have. In the absence of those types of cofactors, I think I would agree with what Rick said, that transmission of HIV by receptive fellatio without ejaculation is exceedingly rare. It is much less likely that HIV will be passed on during oral sex, but it is possible in some circumstances.
These cells are able to transport antigens to lymphoid tissue in the absence of trauma or inflammation. I mean, consistent with what Susan was saying about the difficulty of rejecting the hypothesis of finding a statistically significant result is that the information isn't very strong. I don't think it's right to say that oral sex is no risk. The likelihood of infection might be increased if there is menstrual blood involved or if the woman is infected with another sexually transmitted disease. JK: You know, the principles on individual risk reduction have always been to move people along toward a safer part of the spectrum. It's given a medication to prevent salivation. Current safe sex guidelines specify that unprotected orogenital sex is unsafe but low risk.
At least, I think from everyone I'm hearing except Jeff. We also know that an average ejaculate in the absence of inflammation or STDs has about a million white cells. Studies repeatedly show that certain sexual practices are associated with a higher risk of HIV transmission than others. One situation in which you might think that infection without ejaculation could occur orally would be, for instance, if someone had a urethral discharge. There was another person who reported only oral sex and no other exposures, and when I'm saying no other exposures, we're just taking a very broad period of time-a six- month period, up until the day they went for the first positive HIV test, or symptoms of potential acute HIV infection. The risk of other sexually transmitted diseases There are many diseases besides HIV that can be passed through unprotected oral sex, including herpes, syphilis, gonorrhea, hepatitis A, and the viruses that cause warts, intestinal parasites, and other conditions.